MILLET


MILLET
MILLET, the Panicum miliaceum, a summer plant of the Gramineae family, whose small seeds are utilized as fodder or are sometimes ground to produce a poor quality flour. It is regarded by some as identical with doḥan, one of the ingredients of the flour mixture that Ezekiel was commanded to eat for 390 days (Ezek. 4:9). The probability is, however, that doḥan is sorghum . Doḥan is mentioned a number of times in rabbinic literature together with orez ("rice"), peragim, and shumshemin ("sesame"; Shev. 2:7), as summer plants from which occasionally bread is made (Ḥal. 1:4). Peragim cannot therefore be poppy as is stated in the Arukh of Nathan b. Jehiel (and as the word is used in modern Hebrew), since the poppy is a winter plant and is used only as a spice. From Syrian Aramaic it would seem that peragim is to be identified with millet, an identification compatible with the talmudic sources. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 1 (1928), 738–40; H.N. and A.L. Moldenke, Plants of the Bible (1952), index; J. Feliks, Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 154f. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 46. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MILLET — MILLE Céréale typique des pays du Tiers Monde à climat sec ou semi aride. Particulièrement cultivé en Afrique aux abords du 15e parallèle, le millet apparaît aussi dans l’Inde péninsulaire, en Extrême Orient, en ex U.R.S.S. La plante s’accommode… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MILLET (J.-F.) — MILLET JEAN FRANÇOIS (1814 1875) La peinture de Millet, longtemps très populaire, a été appréciée en vertu de critères d’ordre social ou moral, mais rarement en tant qu’œuvre plastique: c’est ce qu’a justement entrepris la critique récente. Par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Millet — puede referise a: Lugares geográficos Millet (Santa Lucía), localidad de Santa Lucía en el distrito de Anse la Raye. Personas Jean François Millet (1814 1875), pintor francés. Lluís Millet (1867 1941), compositor y director de coros español.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Millet — (französisch und englisch für „Hirse“) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aimé Millet (1819–1891), französischer Bildhauer Catherine Millet (* 1948), Expertin für Moderne Kunst und Chefredakteurin des Magazins Art Press Francis Davis Millet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • millet — mil let (m[i^]l l[e^]t), n. [F., dim. of mil, L. milium; akin to Gr. meli nh, AS. mil.] (Bot.) The name of several cereal and forage grasses which bear an abundance of small roundish grains. The common millets of Germany and Southern Europe are… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • millet — (n.) cereal grain, c.1400, from M.Fr. millet, dim. of mil millet, from L. milium millet (see MALLET (Cf. mallet)). Cognate with Gk. meline, Lith. malnus (pl.) millet …   Etymology dictionary

  • millet — [mil′it] n. [ME milet < MFr, dim. of mil < L milium, millet < IE * melēi , var. of base * mel , to grind > MILL1, Gr melinē, millet] 1. a) a cereal grass (Panicum miliaceum) whose small grain is used for food in Europe and Asia b) the …   English World dictionary

  • MILLET — MILLET, name for the religious communal organization of non Muslims in the Ottoman Empire. The Koran uses milla for religion or rite, e.g., religion of the Jews and Christians (2:114), and the religion of Abraham (2:124; 3:89). It is assumed that …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • millet — Millet, Milium milij. Qui vit de millet, Miliarius …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Millet — Millet, Johann Franz, genannt Francisque, geb. 1043 in Antwerpen, Landschafts , Porträt u. Historienmaler aus der Niederländischen Schule; ging nach Paris, wo er sich nach Poussin ausbildete u. gewann bei aller Einfarbigkeit einen hohen Styl der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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